sábado, febrero 22, 2014




Un día después del acuerdo por el que el Gobierno ucranio aceptó la mayoría de las reivindicaciones de la oposición para poner fin al baño de sangre de esta semana en las calles de Kiev, el poder en la ex república soviética está cambiando de manos a marchas forzadas. El presidente de Ucrania, Victor Yanukóvich, ha abandonado Kiev;  la Rada Suprema (Parlamento) le ha destituido y convocado elecciones y el partido de la ex primera ministra Yulia Timoshenko (cuya liberación, también ordenada por el Parlamento, se ha producido esta tarde, según fuentes próximas a la exmandataria) ocupa ya los cargos de presidente de la Rada Suprema y de ministro del Interior.
Y todo ello en una mañana en la que los acontecimientos en el Parlamento de Kiev se sucedían a gran velocidad. Votación tras votación, los diputados fueron dando pasos que han cambiado radicalmente la situación política en Ucrania, para desolación de Rusia, que se queja de que no se está cumpliendo el acuerdo alcanzado el viernes.

El Parlamento aprobo la destitución de Yanukóvich por 328 votos a favor y seis abstenciones. Además convocó elecciones presidenciales para el 25 de mayo.

El canciller polaco, Radoslaw Sikorski, reaccionó rápidamente en su cuenta de Twitter: "No ha existido un golpe en Kiev. Los edificios del Gobierno han sido abandonados y el presidente del Parlamento ha sido elegido de manera legal. Yanukovich tiene 24 horas para ratificar en forma de ley la Constitución de 2004", escribió.

miércoles, febrero 19, 2014




Terrie Linn McNutt Hall
(July 19, 1960 – September 16, 2013)

She was an American anti-smoking and tobacco advocate. She was a survivor of ten cancer diagnoses, undergoing 48 radiation treatments and nearly a year's worth of chemotherapy, before and after undergoing a laryngectomy in 2001. She was well known for starring in one of the ads of CDC's smoking ad campaign, as well as traveling across America to educate youth and adults about the consequences of tobacco use.

Born in Mount Clemens, Michigan on July 19, 1960, Hall moved to North Carolina in 1973 and later to Reedy Creek, Davidson County in the late 1980s. She was divorced with one daughter in her thirties, Dana, and had three grandchildren. She considered her grandson Jeffery (born 2001/02) to be "the light of my life." As of 2005, Dana resided in Virginia, and as of 2013 lived in Lexington. Terrie's mother died in August 2000. Hall's hobbies were trouble-shooting and using new applications on the computer during her free time; she also did school presentations with teenagers. She enjoyed bowling, reading Danielle Steel books, spending time with her grandson, and people-watching. She helped her family-owned car repair and sales business.

Hall claimed that the first time she had ever smoked a cigarette was when, at the age of 13, she was camping out her with friends in North Carolina. However, it wasn't until at the age of 17, when she was a cheerleader at Forbush High School inEast Bend, North Carolina, that she started smoking to be with her friends, and also because her father was a smoker. Shortly thereafter, she became addicted, and within a year she would smoke a pack of cigarettes a day. She started with Newport, switched to Virginia Slims and then Doral Menthol. This situation got worse when Hall would come to smoke up to two packs a day and felt the adverse effects of tobacco at the age of 25, including a sore throat that never seemed to go away.
Hall's cigarette smoking would also cause her daughter to be a smoker. Dana quit in January 2012 during her second pregnancy. Hall's grandchildren were both born premature. "I can't help but think it was because of my cigarette smoking," she said. "My fear now is that I won’t be around to see my grandchildren graduate or get married."
In January 2001, at the age of 40, she was diagnosed with oral cancer. She recalled, "I had a sore in my mouth and had to go through all these grueling radiation treatments. It was awful." Hall even continued to smoke throughout her radiation treatments. "I didn't think I had to quit. The radiation was getting rid of the cancer, so I could still smoke," she states. But it wasn't until later that month that she was diagnosed with throat cancer, and she underwent a laryngectomy. She states, "It's hard to wrap your mind around cancer, and when they told me that they were going to remove my voice box, I thought I would never speak again."
Hall was diagnosed with cancer, this time terminal, for the 11th time, and died on September 16, 2013, aged 53, at Forsyth Medical Center in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. She was filmed by the CDC at the hospital two days before her death, the ad she filmed was posted on the CDC's YouTube page January 31,2014. Her funeral was held on September 21, 11:00 am, at the Pinedale Christian Church.



lunes, febrero 17, 2014

JABOYA: Sex for Fish

JABOYA:  Sex for Fish

Sex for Fish sometimes referred to as "Fish for Sex" is a phenomenon in which female traders engage in sexual relationships with fishermen to secure their supply of fish. The women fish traders are often pressured into having sex with the fishermen who supply them with daily fresh fish. Along the beaches where the sex for fish practices have been observed, the fishermen do maintain several transactional sexual relationships with women at different beaches where they land with their fish.
Sex for Fish as a phenomenon is common in many low and middle income developing countries; however, the bulk cases have been observed in Sub-Saharan Africa’s inland fisheries. The most vulnerable victims are economically disadvantaged women, e.g. single or divorced women as well as widows residing in along the shores of inland fisheries centers.
Several social-economic factors including poverty, cultural practices, and competition among women who are involved in fish trade are often listed as variables fueling the sex for fish practice. There is no conclusive research that shows what promotes sex for fish practice, however, fishermen seem to be taking advantage of stiff competition between the women who trade in fish to demand sexual favors in exchange for the fish. The men or the trader who receives sexual favors would grant preferential sale and sale at reduced prices to these women
In the shores of Lake Victoria in Kenya, women have been observed giving out empty polythene bags to the fishermen before they go out fishing at night or early morning, and when the fishermen return, some of the best catch would be set aside for them, stashed in these bags.
The fishermen take advantage of these economically and social disadvantaged women by offering preferential treatment in fish business in exchange for sex.

In Kenya where sex for fish has been well documented, poverty among the fishing communities has been constantly listed as factors contributing to the practice of sex for fish. Sex for fish practice in Kenya is popularly referred to as Jaboya system. Jaboya in Luo tribe dialect means customer, however, due to the transactional involvement of fishermen with women fish traders, the locals coined the term Jaboya system to refer to sex for fish phenomenon. Fishmongers in lake side city of Kisumu, have sex with fishermen to get stock to sell in order to make a living. They have alluded to having children to feed and having to pay rent and school fees as drivers for exchange of sex for fish. In Kenya’s third largest city of Kisumu, Dunga Beach along the shores of Lake Victoria young girls have become the new attraction for fishermen who use their fish catch as a bait to lure these vulnerable group into sex for fish practice fees. The cycle of poverty and vulnerable ensures that older women introduces their younger daughters or orphaned girls to sex for fish trade. In return the young girl sleeps with the fisherman that offers the best deal. In many cases the young girls do have sex with multiple partners and are exposed to STD’s and potentially HIV infections.

In 2010, two Peace Corps volunteers, Dominik Mucklow and Michael Geilhufe who lived near Lake Victoria decided to do something to help the women who were trapped in sex for fish practice. With support from the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) funding, they assisted a group of women fish traders to acquire their own fishing boats. The women then employed men to go fishing using these boats. This simple advancement allowed women to be free from sexual exploitation in order to secure their fish supply. No sex for fish aimed to change the work dynamic between the women and the men who make their living from the fishing industry by giving women ownership of the means of production, boats.The women own the boats, as the women work they repay the cost of building the boat, then the boat repayment money is pooled to construct more boats; increasing the number of women involved. The pilot project was managed by the Victoria Institute for Research on Environment and Development (Vired).